We become attached to landscapes because they reflect the societies that inhabit them. Here, we have a highly cultivated territory, a landscape shaped by meticulous work, a true living space where agriculture and landscapes are inseparable.

Over time, agricultural practices have shaped the spaces and reflect a number of adaptations to the constraints of this territory: climatic, geographical constraints, and thus also bear witness to the know-how of the people who live on this land.

They have produced the specific features of this landscape with, for example, these walls that line the paths and plots, these windbreak hedges that protect the crops, these ditches that manage water… this explains the choice of adapted crops: lavender and aromatic plants, vines… orchards… truffle oaks…

Certain crops are sensitive to natural constraints that govern their distribution across the territory. For example, lavender is cultivated almost everywhere in the lowlands and hills. Vines are planted according to terroir criteria related to soil, altitude, exposure, temperatures…

The landscape provides landmarks, it influences everyone’s practices and at the same time it is the result of the daily practices of the inhabitants who, by modifying living spaces, transform/change the landscape. For each person, the familiar landscape has an emotional value linked to each individual’s history. For a community, a society, the landscape is part of a shared history, it is part of its heritage. The landscape thus has a social value because it bears the marks of the culture specific to the social groups that produce and live in it.

It is also a living heritage because the landscape is in perpetual motion, the territory continually transforms, not only due to natural causes (seasons, climate…), economic changes, but also by human daily actions. Human activity in general is responsible for these changes, our uses and lifestyles, our projects for even minimal transformations of our habitat, for example, influence our living environment. The challenge is then to do everything possible to preserve a quality landscape, therefore a quality living environment that meets the needs of its inhabitants while considering the inevitable transformations imposed by economic, social, and environmental changes. In the face of economic and environmental transformations, everyone can try to support producers and a diversity of local productions. The stakeholders of the territory can work on constructing an agricultural model adapted to the new environmental, economic, and social challenges of the territory, and promote the specific features of this agriculture.

The landscapes of tomorrow in Grignan will be living, agricultural landscapes. A reflection of a still productive territory, practiced by everyone for all sorts of activities.

A combination of activities that find a place on the territory needs to be invented.

That is to say: Maintaining a diverse, living agriculture, in terms of practices and crop varieties, should allow the maintenance of the social fabric, environmental protection, as well as leisure and tourism practices, all in the context of climate changes that will impact agricultural practices.

To learn more:

Guided tours of the city are available all year round for groups of ten people minimum.

Bookings to be placed with the Tourist Information Centre 04 75 23 45 33,
or with the Association: “Saint-Vallier Histoire & Patrimoine”: 04 75 23 20 97

Duration: 2h30min